ReactOnRails

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React on Rails integrates Rails with (server rendering of) Facebook's React front-end framework.

Intersted in optimizing your webpack setup for React on Rails including code splitting with react-router v4, webpack v4, and react-loadable? Contact me.

Intro

Project Objective

To provide an opinionated and optimal framework for integrating Ruby on Rails with React via the Webpacker gem especially in regards to React Server Rendering.

Features and Why React on Rails?

Given that rails/webpacker gem already provides basic React integration, why would you use "React on Rails"?

  1. Server rendering, often used for SEO crawler indexing and UX performance, is not offered by rails/webpacker.
  2. The easy passing of props directly from your Rails view to your React components rather than having your Rails view load and then make a separate 1request to your API.
  3. Redux and React Router integration.
  4. Internationalization (I18n) and (localization)
  5. RSpec Test Helpers Configuration to ensure your Webpack bundles are ready for tests.
  6. A supportive community. This web search shows how live public sites are using React on Rails.
  7. Reason ML Support

See the react-webpack-rails-tutorial for an example of a live implementation and code.

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React on Rails Pro and ShakaCode Pro Support

React on Rails Pro provides Node server rendering and other performance enhancements for React on Rails.

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For more information, see the React on Rails Pro Docs.

The ShakaCode Pro Support Plan can help you with:

  • Optimizing your webpack setup to Webpack v4 for React on Rails including code splitting with react-router v4, webpack v4, and react-loadable.
  • Upgrading your app to use the current Webpack setup that skips the Sprockets asset pipeline.
  • Better performance client and server side.
  • Efficiently migrating from Angular to React.
  • Best practices based on over four years of React on Rails experience.
  • Using Reason with (or without) React on Rails.

ShakaCode can also help you with your custom software development needs. We specialize in marketplace and e-commerce applications that utilize both Rails and React. Because we own HawaiiChee.com, we can leverage that code for your app!

The article Why Hire ShakaCode? provides additional details about our projects.

Please email me (Justin Gordon), the creator of React on Rails, to see if I can help you or if you want an invite to our private Slack room for ShakaCode.

Testimonials for Hiring ShakaCode and our "Pro Support"

HVMN Testimonial, Written by Paul Benigeri, October 12, 2018

The price we paid for the consultation + the React on Rails pro license has already been made back a couple of times from hosting fees alone. The entire process was super hands off, and our core team was able to focus on shipping new feature during that sprint.

From Kyle Maune of Cooper Aerial, May 4, 2018

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From Joel Hooks, Co-Founder, Chief Nerd at egghead.io, January 30, 2017:

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For more testimonials, see Live Projects and Kudos.


Docs

Consider browsing this on our documentation Gitbook.

Prerequisites

React on Rails supports older versions of Rails back to 3.x. Rails/webpacker requires version 4.2+.

Getting Started

Note, the best way to understand how to use ReactOnRails is to study a few simple examples. You can do a quick demo setup, either on your existing app or on a new Rails app.

  1. Do the quick tutorial.
  2. Add React on Rails to an existing Rails app per the instructions.
  3. Look at spec/dummy, a simple, no DB example.
  4. Look at github.com/shakacode/react-webpack-rails-tutorial; it's a full featured example live at www.reactrails.com.

Basic Installation

See also the instructions for installing into an existing Rails app.

  1. Create a new Rails app:

    $ rails new my-app --webpack=react
    $ cd my-app
    
  2. Add the react_on_rails gem to Gemfile:

    gem 'react_on_rails', '11.1.4' # Use the exact gem version to match npm version
    
  3. Install the react_on_rails gem:

    $ bundle install
    
  4. Commit this to git (or else you cannot run the generator unless you pass the option --ignore-warnings).

  5. Run the generator:

    $ rails generate react_on_rails:install
    
  6. Start the app:

    $ rails s
    
  7. Visit http://localhost:3000/hello_world.

Turning on server rendering

With the code from running the React on Rails generator above:

  1. Edit app/views/hello_world/index.html.erb and set prerender to true.
  2. Refresh the page.

Below is the line where you turn server rendering on by setting prerender to true:

<%= react_component("HelloWorld", props: @hello_world_props, prerender: false) %>

Basic Usage

Configuration

  • Configure config/initializers/react_on_rails.rb. You can adjust some necessary settings and defaults. See file docs/basics/configuration.md for documentation of all configuration options.
  • Configure config/webpacker.yml. If you used the generator and the default webpacker setup, you don't need to touch this file. If you are customizing your setup, then consult the spec/dummy/config/webpacker.yml example
    • Set compile: false for all envs
    • Your public_output_path must match your Webpack configuration for output of your bundles.
    • Only set cache_manifest to true in your production env.

Including your React Component on your Rails Views

  • React component are rendered via your Rails Views. Here's an ERB sample:

    <%= react_component("HelloWorld", props: @some_props) %>
    
  • Server-Side Rendering: Your react component is first rendered into HTML on the server. Use the prerender option:

    <%= react_component("HelloWorld", props: @some_props, prerender: true) %>
    
  • The component_name parameter is a string matching the name you used to expose your React component globally. So, in the above examples, if you had a React component named "HelloWorld", you would register it with the following lines:

    import ReactOnRails from 'react-on-rails';
    import HelloWorld from './HelloWorld';
    ReactOnRails.register({ HelloWorld });
    

    Exposing your component in this way is how React on Rails is able to reference your component from a Rails view. You can expose as many components as you like, as long as their names do not collide. See below for the details of how you expose your components via the react_on_rails webpack configuration.

  • @some_props can be either a hash or JSON string. This is an optional argument assuming you do not need to pass any options (if you want to pass options, such as prerender: true, but you do not want to pass any properties, simply pass an empty hash {}). This will make the data available in your component:

      # Rails View
      <%= react_component("HelloWorld", props: { name: "Stranger" }) %>
    
  • This is what your HelloWorld.js file might contain. The railsContext is always available for any parameters that you always want available for your React components. It has nothing to do with the concept of the React Context. See Generator Functions and the RailsContext for more details on this topic.

    import React from 'react';
    
    export default (props, railsContext) => {
      return (
        <div>
          Your locale is {railsContext.i18nLocale}.<br/>
          Hello, {props.name}!
        </div>
      );
    };
    

See the View Helpers API for more details on react_component and its sibling function react_component_hash.

Fragment Caching

Fragment caching is a React on Rails Pro feature. Fragment caching is a HUGE performance booster for your apps. Use the cached_react_component and cached_react_component_hash. The API is the same as react_component and react_component_hash, but for 2 differences:

  1. The cache_key takes the same parameters as any Rails cache view helper.
  2. The props are passed via a block so that evaluation of the props is not done unless the cache is broken. Suppose you put your props calculation into some method called some_slow_method_that_returns_props:
<%= cached_react_component("App", cache_key: [@user, @post], prerender: true) do
  some_slow_method_that_returns_props
end %>

Such fragment caching saves a ton of CPU work for your web server and greatly reduces the request time. It completely skips the evaluation costs of:

  1. Database calls to compute the props.
  2. Serialization the props values hash into a JSON string for evaluating JavaScript to server render.
  3. Costs associated with evaluating JavaScript from your Ruby code.
  4. Creating the HTML string containing the props and the server-rendered JavaScript code.

Note, even without server rendering (without step 3 above), fragment caching is still effective.

Integration with Node.js for Server Rendering

Default server rendering is done by ExecJS. If you want to use a Node.js server for better performing server rendering, email justin@shakacode.com. ShakaCode has built a premium Node rendering server that is part of React on Rails Pro.

Globally Exposing Your React Components

For the React on Rails view helper react_component to use your React components, you will have to register them in your JavaScript code.

Use modules just as you would when using Webpack and React without Rails. The difference is that instead of mounting React components directly to an element using React.render, you register your components to ReactOnRails and then mount them with helpers inside of your Rails views.

This is how to expose a component to the react_component view helper.

  // app/javascript/packs/hello-world-bundle.js
  import HelloWorld from '../components/HelloWorld';
  import ReactOnRails from 'react-on-rails';
  ReactOnRails.register({ HelloWorld });

Different Server-Side Rendering Code (and a Server-Specific Bundle)

You may want different code for your server-rendered components running server side versus client side. For example, if you have an animation that runs when a component is displayed, you might need to turn that off when server rendering. One way to handle this is conditional code like if (window) { doClientOnlyCode() }.

Another way is to use a separate webpack configuration file that can use a different server side entry file, like 'serverRegistration.js' as opposed to 'clientRegistration.js.' That would set up different code for server rendering.

For details on techniques to use different code for client and server rendering, see: How to use different versions of a file for client and server rendering. (Requires creating a free account.)

Specifying Your React Components: Direct or Generator Functions

You have two ways to specify your React components. You can either register the React component directly, or you can create a function that returns a React component. Creating a function has the following benefits:

  1. You have access to the railsContext. See documentation for the railsContext in terms of why you might need it. You need a generator function to access the railsContext.
  2. You can use the passed-in props to initialize a redux store or set up react-router.
  3. You can return different components depending on what's in the props.

ReactOnRails will automatically detect a registered generator function. Thus, there is no difference between registering a React Component versus a "generator function."

react_component_hash for Generator Functions

Another reason to use a generator function is that sometimes in server rendering, specifically with React Router, you need to return the result of calling ReactDOMServer.renderToString(element). You can do this by returning an object with the following shape: { renderedHtml, redirectLocation, error }. Make sure you use this function with react_component_hash.

For server rendering, if you wish to return multiple HTML strings from a generator function, you may return an Object from your generator function with a single top level property of renderedHtml. Inside this Object, place a key called componentHtml, along with any other needed keys. An example scenario of this is when you are using side effects libraries like React Helmet. Your Ruby code will get this Object as a Hash containing keys componentHtml and any other custom keys that you added:

{ renderedHtml: { componentHtml, customKey1, customKey2} }

For details on using react_component_hash with react-helmet, see the docs below for the helper API and docs/additional-reading/react-helmet.md.

Error Handling

  • All errors from ReactOnRails will be of type ReactOnRails::Error.
  • Prerendering (server rendering) errors get context information for HoneyBadger and Sentry for easier debugging.

I18n

You can enable the i18n functionality with react-intl. React on Rails provides an option for automatic conversions of Rails *.yml locale files into *.js files for react-intl. See the How to add I18n for a summary of adding I18n.

More Details

Browse the links in the Summary Table of Contents

Here are some highly recommended next articles to read:

  1. How React on Rails Works
  2. Recommended Project Structure
  3. Webpack Configuration
  4. View Helpers API
  5. Caching and Performance: React on Rails Pro.
  6. Deployment.

Support

ShakaCode Support

Aloha, I'm Justin Gordon the creator and maintainer of React on Rails. I'm supporting my continued dedication to this project by project by offering a React on Rails Pro Support Plan. Please email me to see if I can help you.

Community Resources

Please click to subscribe to keep in touch with Justin Gordon and ShakaCode. I intend to send announcements of new releases of React on Rails and of our latest blog articles and tutorials.

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Contributing

Bug reports and pull requests are welcome. See Contributing to get started, and the list of help wanted issues.

Supporters

The following companies support this open source project, and ShakaCode uses their products! Justin writes React on Rails on RubyMine. We use Scout to monitor the live performance of HawaiiChee.com, and we use BrowserStack to solve problems with oddball browsers.

Scout BrowserStack

If you'd like to support React on Rails and have your company listed here, get in touch.

Aloha and best wishes from Justin and the ShakaCode team!

Work with Us

ShakaCode is currently looking to hire like-minded, remote-first, developers that wish to work on our projects, including Hawaii Chee. Your main coding interview will be pairing with us on our open source! We're getting into Reason!

License

The gem is available as open source under the terms of the MIT License.

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